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Ground improvement is an important requirement in today’s construction industry as land reclamation is becoming increasingly popular. Stone column method is one of the efficient and economical method and it is one of the soil stabilizing method that is used to increase the bearing capacity and decrease the settlement of soft soils. In this research paper the bearing capacity, settlement of stone columns and encased stone columns were analysed using a scaled model. Gunny bags are used as geo textile for stone column encasement. The results shown significant improvement in bearing capacity of soil using stone column, the efficiency of stone column is increased when encased with geotextile.
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