International Journal of Innovations in Engineering Research and Technology https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert <h2><strong>Welcome to IJIERT</strong> (Online, Scholarly, Open Access, International Journal)</h2> <p><strong><em>"International Journal of Innovations in Engineering Research and Technology (IJIERT)"</em> is an international journal. IJIERT is one of the fastest growing open access journals. It is an international online journal for the paper publication. The international journal provides the prospect to publish the original research papers with the author-friendly environment through its processes. This international journal is specially designed for paper publication in engineering, research, and technological advances.</strong></p> <p><strong>IJIERT international journal supports the open access journals society by providing the free access to the published scholarly articles without any login or passwords. We being online journal taking care of the online presence and indexing of the articles published in various databases.</strong></p> <p><strong>The paper submission in IJIERT is totally free of cost; however, after acceptance, we request the authors to pay the processing charges. We are working on high standards of scholarly journal publishing. Authors in search of international journals for paper publication will get fulfillment of publishing with our online international journal.</strong></p> <p><strong>The scholarly journal is available online since 2014. The open access journal is highly indexed in databases. IJIERT is peer-reviewed, open access online journal aiming to serve the technical society with its high-quality technical contents. We are one of the best international journals for paper publication.</strong></p> <p> </p> en-US Fri, 04 Nov 2022 18:39:45 +0000 OJS 3.2.1.2 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 XI CENTURY BAGHDAD OSTOMAXION AND THEIR FORMS CREATED WITH THE ELEMENTS https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3381 <p>The scientific article is devoted to a brief scientific presentation of the content of the treatise “Introduction...”, attached by an unknown author to the book “Artisan...” Abul Wafa al-Buzjani (940 – 998).</p> Sh. Abdurahmanov, Y. I. Ermuhamedova Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3381 Fri, 04 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 ARTISTIC AND STYLISTIC FEATURES OF REPETITION IN THE LANGUAGE OF THE WORK https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3384 <p>The article is devoted to the analysis of the language of the artistic work, which is currently being researched a lot, and the repetition and its characteristics in Asqad Mukhtar's novel "Chinor" were analyzed. One of the most used lexical devices in literary texts, repetition, was selected from the work, and these examples were scientifically and theoretically analyzed.</p> Shahodat Norova Bahodirovna Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3384 Fri, 11 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 INNOVATION OF THE EDUCATIONAL PROCESS IN THE CONTINUOUS EDUCATION SYSTEM - THE NEED OF THE TIME https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3386 <p>In this article, the current tasks before the technical science of general secondary schools and the psychological, pedagogical and technical-technological aspects of the educational process, the use of interdisciplinary links in the educational process and general secondary education are discussed. Many organizational, legal and scientific research works are being carried out on reforming the system, improving teaching technologies, forming modern knowledge and skills in students, using new teaching methods for this purpose. Through this, it is aimed to create a system of training a generation of competitive and high-potential personnel. This makes the formation of creativity-related skills in students one of the urgent tasks. Therefore, opinions and considerations about the need for innovative tools were made.</p> Olimov Bakhtiorjon Usmanovich, Tursunov Jo‘rabek Egamberdievich Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3386 Sat, 12 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 THE CONTENT OF THE FORMATION OF MODERN PROFESSIONAL QUALITIES IN FUTURE TEACHERS OF TECHNOLOGICAL EDUCATION IN HIGHER EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3387 <p>In this article, current tasks and psychological, pedagogical and technical-technological aspects of the educational process, psychological, pedagogical and technical-technological aspects of the formation of modern professional qualities of technology teachers of general secondary schools, the use of interdisciplinary connections in the educational process, and the reform of the general secondary education system, improvement of teaching technologies, students formation of modern knowledge and skills, for this, many organizational, legal and scientific research works are being carried out on the use of modern teaching methods. Through this, it is aimed to create a system of training a generation of competitive and high-potential personnel. This makes the development of skills related to the formation of professional qualities among students one of the urgent tasks. That's why, on the basis of innovative tools, thoughts and opinions about the need to develop creative abilities in young people have been discussed.</p> Umrzakov Bekhzod Boronovich Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3387 Sat, 12 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 INTERPRETATION OF SMART TECHNOLOGY IN TECHNOLOGY LESSONS https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3388 <p>The 21st century is the century in which information technologies are an integral part of human life. Today, it can be said with certainty that there is a new digital (networked) generation, consisting of the mobile phone, computer and the Internet, which are natural elements of the living space of people in nature and society. Now, the impact of human capital is not enough for the development of modern education. Nowadays, not only the building of educational labor resources, but also the quality of the educational environment itself, the content of education itself, its methods, equipment and environments require a qualitative change.</p> Yuldashev Odiljon Toshpo‘latovich Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3388 Sat, 12 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 CONNECTION WITH EXACT AND NATURAL SCIENCES IN FORMING EDUCATION (In the case of technology lessons) https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3389 <p>In this article, the current tasks before the technical science of general secondary schools and the psychological, pedagogical and technical-technological aspects of the educational process, the use of interdisciplinary links in the educational process and general secondary education are discussed. Many organizational, legal and scientific research works are being carried out on reforming the system, improving teaching technologies, forming modern knowledge and skills in students, using new teaching methods for this purpose. Through this, it is aimed to create a system of training a generation of competitive and high-potential personnel. This makes the formation of creativity-related skills in students one of the urgent tasks. That's why, on the basis of innovative tools, thoughts and opinions about the need to develop creative abilities in young people have been discussed.</p> Olimov Bakhtiorjon Usmanovich , Tursunov Jurabek Egamberdievich Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3389 Sat, 12 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 THE PLACE OF MODERN PROFESSIONAL QUALITIES OF VIRTUAL TECHNOLOGIES IN TEACHERS OF FUTURE TECHNOLOGICAL EDUCATION IN HIGHER EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3390 <p>The purpose of the Law "On Education" of the Republic of Uzbekistan is to improve the education system at the world standard level and to train competitive, mature specialists. After all, in the "Concept of the Development of the Higher Education System of the Republic of Uzbekistan until 2030", the objective parameters of increasing the level of access to higher education, training highly qualified, modern and systematically thinking, highly educated specialists based on international standards, Investment programs, regional and network programs, requirements of the Boards of Trustees, formation, taking into account global technological changes, optimization of educational areas and specializations, including the development of STEAM areas (exact sciences, technology, engineering, creative arts and mathematics), in this regard, advanced pedagogical technologies, educational programs and educational materials based on international educational standards There are specific requirements and tasks for its wide implementation.</p> Umrzaqov Behzot Buronovich Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3390 Sat, 12 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 THE IMPORTANCE OF USING NON-STANDARD TEST TASKS IN MONITORING STUDENT KNOWLEDGE https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3391 <p>In this article, Keys-stage assignments and levels of difficulty, productive, partially exploratory and creative (creative) tests, which are included in the content of the training courses, play an important role in the composition and development of creative activities in students. It should be noted that one of the main methods of qualimetry in the control and assessment of knowledge, skills, abilities and competencies acquired by teachers in the educational process is the use of test assignments, standard and non-standard test assignments and information about their species is given. Non-standard tests encourage students to apply their knowledge in unfamiliar situations in the assessment of their knowledge, leading to a sense of the inextricable link between theory and practice. In general, it teaches to take a creative approach to life's problems and solve them quickly and intelligently.</p> Yuldashev Odiljon Toshpo‘latovich Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3391 Sat, 12 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 TEACHING STUDENTS DRAWING TOOLS AND THEIR USE https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3392 <p>Drawing materials and tools include gotovalnya, ruler, triangles, plane, plane, protractor. Drafting equipment includes drafting tables, drafting boards, drafting machines, etc. Drawing materials include drawing paper, pencil, eraser, pencil, and packaging.</p> Olimov Baxtiyorjon Usmanovich, Bo‘tayev Ahmadali Ashirovich, Sotvoldiyev Elmurodjon Abdumannonovich Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3392 Sat, 12 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 SPECIFIC ASPECTS OF USING MULTIMEDIA IN EDUCATIONAL PROCESS https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3393 <p>The article describes the use of videocassettes and audiocassettes for teaching with the help of computer programs, listening to oral speech and controlling pronunciation, as well as the specific aspects of using a multimedia system.</p> Rakhmanov Khusan Tojievich Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3393 Sat, 12 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 BENEFITS OF USING DEEP SOFTENERS AS A SOIL WORKER https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3394 <p>This paper examines theoretically the benefits of soil softener. After analyzing the work of a number of scientists who conducted scientific research in this field of such machines that soften the soil before planting, it was determined that research was not conducted in this field, and as a result of this research, the topic of achieving high productivity from the planted areas is urgent.</p> Raxmonov Xusan Tojiyevich Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3394 Sat, 12 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 INTERDISCIPLINARY CONNECTION IN FORMING STUDENTS' CREATIVE SKILLS (In the Case of Technology Lessons) https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3395 <p>In this article, the current tasks before the technical science of general secondary schools and the psychological, pedagogical and technical-technological aspects of the educational process, the use of interdisciplinary links in the educational process and general secondary education are discussed. Many organizational, legal and scientific research works are being carried out on reforming the system, improving teaching technologies, forming modern knowledge and skills in students, using new teaching methods for this purpose. Through this, it is aimed to create a system of training a generation of competitive and high-potential personnel. This makes the formation of creativity-related skills in students one of the urgent tasks. That's why, on the basis of innovative tools, thoughts and opinions about the need to develop creative abilities in young people have been discussed.</p> Olimov Bakhtiorjon Usmanovich, Tursunov Jurabek Egamberdievich Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3395 Sat, 12 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 FACTORS OF EDUCATING YOUNG PEOPLE AS PERFECT INDIVIDUALS https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3397 <p>In this article, opinions were expressed about social protection of young people and raising their potential as a perfect person.</p> Xaydarova Marg'uba In'omovna Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3397 Sun, 13 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 REQUIREMENTS FOR FINE ARTS TRAINING https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3398 <p>This article contains information about the art of pencil drawing, requirements for pencil drawing training.</p> Ergasheva Orifakhon Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3398 Sun, 13 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 HISTORY OF FORMATION AND DEVELOPMENT OF APPLIED ART https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3399 <p>In this article, opinions were expressed about works of applied art and the history of their development.</p> Sattorova Sarvinozkhan Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3399 Sun, 13 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 IN FINE ARTS AND DRAWING LESSONS "USING CASE STAGE EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3400 <p>Using innovative educational technologies in art and drawing classes will be both understandable and interesting for students. Applying the case-study learning method in the study of various situations in visual arts and drawing classes is an educational process aimed at requiring learners to search for appropriate solutions to relevant problems based on normal situations taken from life or artificially created situations.</p> Kasimova Nilufar Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3400 Sun, 13 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 REGARDING THE STUDY OF CRYSTAL STRUCTURES OF SUBSTANCES https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3401 <p>This tutorial on defects in crystalline solids and their magnetic properties is one of the main parts of solid state physics, in undergraduate courses in physics, physics teaching methodology, vocational education, electronics and microelectronics. designed for students and masters. In it, the current achievements and current problems of solid state physics are partially described.</p> Xusanov Ahmadjon Jo'rayevich Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3401 Sun, 13 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 RESEARCH OF ELECTRICAL AND PHOTOELECTRIC PHENOMENA IN STRUCTURES BASED ON SILICON CONTACT WITH MANGANESE INTERLAYER WITH HIGH MANGANESE SILICIDE FILM https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3402 <p>The physical properties of the manganese silicide layer formed on the silicon surface were studied. A layer of manganese silicides was deposited on the silicon surface by a solid-phase reaction method, in which ultrapure manganese metal was obtained on a chemically ultrapurified single crystal silicon surface. After the formation of manganese silicides on the surface of silicon, its crystal lattice structure, morphology and phase composition were studied using electronograph and electron microscope devices, JXA-840 type electronograph and XL 30SFED type electron microscope. It was shown that the dynamic process of the formation of a manganese silicide layer on silicon depends on steady and non-steady states.</p> Xusanov Ahmadjon Jo'rayevich Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3402 Sun, 13 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 INTERACTIVE LEARNING METHODS USED IN THE EFFECTIVE ORGANIZATION OF TECHNOLOGY COURSES https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3403 <p>The article focuses on some interactive educational methods used in the effective organization of technology classes. "SWOT-analysis", Summarizing (Resume, Veer), "Case-study", "FSMU", "Concept Analysis", Venn Diagram methods are justified with examples suitable for technology science.</p> Usmanova Mukhlisakhan Sobirovna Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3403 Sun, 13 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 USE OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES IN INCREASING THE EFFICIENCY OF TECHNOLOGY LESSONS https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3404 <p>This article describes the importance of improving the effectiveness of teaching technology lessons, modern methods of education in the process of teaching technology, specific aspects of using pedagogical and information and communication technologies, and the application of new informational pedagogical technologies.</p> Usmanova Mukhlisakhan Sobirovna Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3404 Sun, 13 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 IMPROVING THE PEDAGOGICAL CONDITIONS FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF CREATIVITY IN STUDENTS https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3405 <p>In this article, the current tasks before the technical science of general secondary schools and the psychological, pedagogical and technical-technological aspects of the educational process, the use of interdisciplinary links in the educational process and general secondary education are discussed. Many organizational, legal and scientific research works are being carried out on reforming the system, improving teaching technologies, forming modern knowledge and skills in students, using new teaching methods for this purpose. Through this, it is aimed to create a system of training a generation of competitive and high-potential personnel. This makes the formation of creativity-related skills in students one of the urgent tasks. That's why, on the basis of innovative tools, thoughts and opinions about the need to develop creative abilities in young people have been discussed.</p> Tursunov Jurabek Egamberdievich Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3405 Sun, 13 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 METHODS OF CREATIVITY DEVELOPMENT IN GRAPHIC DRAWING LESSONS https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3406 <p>This article presents analytical ideas about teaching students creativity in graphic design classes, as well as the stages of development and formation of their creative abilities.</p> Mamajonova Gulkhayokhon Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3406 Sun, 13 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 HISTORY AND TECHNOLOGY OF ARTISTIC CERAMICS https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3407 <p>This article provides an overview of pottery, pottery schools, and pottery technology.</p> Baratbayev Batir Mamadjonovich Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3407 Sun, 13 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 USE OF GAME TECHNOLOGIES IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF STUDENTS' SPATIAL IMAGINATION https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3408 <p>This article provides information on the concept of spatial imagination, the use of game technologies in the development of students' spatial imagination.</p> Tajiboyev Bunyodbek Yasharjon o'gli Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3408 Mon, 14 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 INNOVATIVE ACTIVITY IN EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS AND ITS EFFECT ON THE QUALITY OF EDUCATION https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3409 <p>This article describes innovative activity in educational institutions and its impact on the quality of education.</p> Ibragimova Maryamkhan G'ulomovna Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3409 Mon, 14 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 FORMATION OF PROFESSIONAL SKILLS IN THE PROCESS OF TECHNOLOGICAL EDUCATION https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3410 <p>This article describes the formation of professional skills in the process of innovative technological education in educational institutions and its impact on the quality of education.</p> Ibragimova Maryamkhan G'ulomovna, Tursunova Irodakhon Bahadirjan qizi Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3410 Mon, 14 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 PROSPECTS FOR THE USE OF THE EXPERIENCE OF THE EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM OF FOREIGN COUNTRIES IN THE FIELD OF EDUCATION (ON THE EXAMPLE OF JAPAN) https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3411 <p>This article examines the factors of organization and management of the education system in developed foreign countries. Also, the achievements and factors achieved in the education system of foreign countries (on the example of Japan) were studied and practical proposals and recommendations were developed on the use of these experiences in the general secondary and higher education system.</p> Sotvoldiyev Elmurodjon Abdumannonovich Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3411 Mon, 14 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 DEVELOPMENT OF STUDENTS' CRITICAL THINKING SKILLS IN THE PROCESS OF DRAWING https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3412 <p>Nowadays, the unprecedented development of information technologies is reflected in the fact that fundamental changes are being made in all spheres of social life without exception. in particular, this rapid development leads not only to the thinking of mankind, but also to a radical change in its way of thinking, and such a new way of thinking is called "critical thinking".</p> Bo‘taev Ahmadali Ashirovich Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3412 Mon, 14 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 THE USE OF INTERACTIVE METHODS AND ADVANCED FOREIGN EXPERIENCES IN TEACHING THE SCIENCE OF PRODUCT PREPARATION TECHNOLOGY https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3413 <p>At the present stage of teaching, the main part of the article aims to apply foreign experience to students with the help of new pedagogical technologies and interactive methods, improving the quality of the lesson with their effective use</p> Xamdamova Venera Anvarovna Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3413 Mon, 14 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 TEACHING OF TECHNOLOGY USING INTERACTIVE METHODS https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3414 Yusufkhodjayeva Firdavus Mukhtorovna Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3414 Mon, 14 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 LEARNING THE TECHNOLOGY OF COLLECTIVE CREATIVE WORK IN PRACTICE https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3415 <p>This article takes into account the formation of a mature person, his acquisition of a suitable profession, his ability to contribute to the development of society, to live and thereby manifest his identity in society, that is, to mature as a person. The pursuit of perfection is a complex process that takes place together with the professional formation of a person and lasts almost a lifetime. In a broad sense, professional formation means that a person receives education in a certain profession according to his mental abilities, physical capabilities, abilities, interests and aspirations for this or that field, as well as values and worldviews, and then enters and adapts to this field. finally, it is understood that he will develop into a mature and qualified specialist over the years, and his main criterion at the current stage of quality education is to study the technology of collective creative works in practice.</p> Yusufkhodjayeva Firdavus Mukhtorovna Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3415 Mon, 14 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 RAW MATERIALS OF SEWING MATERIALS: FIBER TYPES https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3416 <p>This article comments on the raw materials and fiber content of sewing materials.</p> Isakova Zukhrakhon Rafikovna Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Innovations in Engineering Research and Technology https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3416 Tue, 15 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 ROBOTICS: TYPES AND THE MOST POPULAR PROFESSIONS https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3417 <p>In this article, opinions were expressed about robotics, their types, and professions within it.</p> Meliboev Raxmatjon Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3417 Sat, 12 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING FIELD AND MATERIALS https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3418 <p>In this article, opinions were expressed about the field of electrical engineering and materials.</p> Meliboev Raxmatjon Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3418 Sat, 12 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 THE ROLE OF THE LANDSCAPE GENRE IN FINE ART https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3419 <p>This article contains information about the concept of fine art, the role of the landscape genre in fine art.</p> Zokirova Shaxloxon Akmalxon qizi Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3419 Tue, 15 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 THE G. O. S. T. S. IN ASSEMBLY LINE DRAWING https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3420 <p>This article provides feedback on assembly drawing.</p> Nilufar Davronova Ma'murjon qizi Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3420 Tue, 15 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 HISTORY OF DEVELOPMENT AND FORMATION OF PLASTIC ANATOMY https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3421 <p>This article provides information about the history of the development and formation of plastic anatomy.</p> Madaminjon Ergashev Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3421 Tue, 15 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 THE PROBLEM OF DEVELOPING THE ARTISTIC AND CREATIVE ABILITIES OF FUTURE VISUAL ARTS TEACHERS AND ITS ROLE IN THE HIGHER EDUCATION SYSTEM https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3422 <p>The article examines the problem of developing artistic and creative abilities of future teachers of fine arts and its place in the higher education system, methods of implementing integrative communication between them based on the use of active teaching methods.</p> Ikromov Muhammad Anaskhan Hakimjon son Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3422 Tue, 15 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 WORKING IMAGE OF GEOMETRIC SHAPES IN PENCIL DRAWING https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3423 <p>Pencil drawing is the first step in the preparation of young artists, perfect mastery of depicting existence in realistic images. perfect mastery of visual skill and its practical application in order to correctly depict the original shape of objects on the surface of paper - learning to draw based on nature, as well as memory and imagination is essential. Of course, in order to perform such a creative task, it is important for a person to have the ability to paint and to be able to work continuously on himself. In the process of depicting a three-dimensional object or a group of objects on a plane, it is impossible to divide them into parts and draw them separately. this method is characteristic of an unskilled, young artist. Working according to such a rule, the body in the image remains composed of separate parts of different scales, and they are never connected to each other. As a result, the image does not look like nature. in cases where the sequence of painting is not observed, the artist's attention is not focused on one place, the feeling of striving for the goal weakens and it goes into a passive, moving state. Therefore, it is necessary to follow the basic methodical rules for drawing without error.</p> Sharabaev Ulugbek Mukhamedovich Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3423 Tue, 15 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 PECULIARITIES OF USING DIGITIZED EDUCATIONAL RESOURCES IN "TECHNOLOGY" CLASSES https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3424 <p>In the article, the specific features of the use of digital educational resources in "Technology" classes and the use of digital educational resources in the higher education system are presented.</p> M. Kh. Ikramova Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3424 Tue, 15 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 FOSTERING THE DEVELOPMENT OF CRITICAL THINKING AND READING SKILLS USING A WEB2.0 TOOL https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3425 <p>With the unrelenting trend toward globalization, which manifests itself in greater international trade, travel, Internet use, and mass entertainment, the need to be able to understand English continues to increase every. As noted by Graddol (2006), English will soon be seen in many countries as a basic communicative skill rather than as a foreign language. As part of the process of learning to communicate in English, reading becomes a skill of significant importance as learners must be able to identify the purpose of the wide variety of written material they often come across through books, the media and the web.</p> Sarsenbaeva Ilmira Usnatdinovna Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3425 Tue, 15 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 SPECIFIC ASPECTS OF STUDENTS ' SINGING SKILLS DURING ADOLESCENCE https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3427 <p>The article discusses how to organize the singing process of teenage schoolchildren in the period of mutation, the development of students ' singing skills, and the work that must be done to properly educate the voice of students.</p> S. Askarova Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3427 Tue, 15 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 MASTER SHIRIN MURODOV'S DRAWINGS A TYPE OF AXONOMETRY WHICH IS MOST USED https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3429 <p>The article analyzes the drawings made by academician of the Academy of Sciences of Uzbekistan usto Shirin Muradov, draws attention to his deep knowledge of the theory of creating drawings.</p> Sh. Abdurahmanovz, M. Kimsanova, S. Yuldoshev Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3429 Wed, 16 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 JUSTIFICATION OF THE FORM OF THE WORKING SURFACE OF THE SEALING PART OF THE EQUALIZER OF THE DEVICE FOR PRE-SEEDING PREPARATION OF THE SOIL https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3430 <p>The article proposes a theoretical calculation for determining the form for the working surface of the of the sealing part of the leveling working body (equalizer) of the device for preparing the soil for sowing. It has been found that the form/shape of the working surface of the sealing part of the leveling working body depends on the minimum time of sliding of soil particles over the working surface of the sealing part of the leveling device. A mathematical calculation method was employed to calculate the shape of the working surface of the sealing part of the leveling working body of the unit (device).</p> B. K. Utepbergenov, B. N. Ramazanov, M. A. Kalmuratov, K. P. Shynybekov Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3430 Fri, 18 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 THE ROLE OF HISTORICAL INFORMATION IN TEACHING TECHNOLOGY LESSONS https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3431 <p>The main part of the article covers the role of historical information in the lessons of technology for students at the present stage of their education,and precisely the importance of their wider use in theoretical and practical classes</p> V. Hamdamova Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3431 Sat, 19 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF ENDOVASCULAR INTERVENTION IN PATIENTS WITH CRITICAL LOWER LIMB ISCHEMIA IN DIABETIC FOOT SYNDROME https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3432 <p>Currently, due to the achievements of reconstructive surgery of occlusive lesions of the arteries, successful revascularization of the extremities has become possible in 60-70% of patients [3,4]. However, the timing of vascular shunts functioning directly depends on the initial degree of chronic limb ischemia, as well as on the state of the peripheral arterial bed [5,6,7]. In more than 70% of cases in patients with critical ischemia, amputation of the lower extremities is preceded by a foot ulcer and other complications. The methods of surgical and conservative treatment of purulent-necrotic complications of diabetic foot syndrome used in modern treatment practice do not always allow to achieve stabilization of the process, they are quite expensive and often difficult to perform [8,9,10].</p> Nazarov J. R., Safoev B. B. Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3432 Sun, 20 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 THE IMPORTANCE OF ORGANIZING CHILDREN'S ACTIVITIES IN PREPARATION FOR SCHOOLING https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3433 <p>The prerequisites for successful schooling are the preparation of preschoolers for this. Readiness for learning is the formation of all mental processes, as well as the personality of a preschooler as a whole, at the level that is necessary for successful adaptation and learning in elementary school. Despite the differences in approaches to learning, the parameters for which in currently assessing the readiness of the child for school.</p> Azizova Ziroat Bahodirovna Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3433 Sun, 20 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 BASIC PRINCIPLES OF TECHNOLOGY FOR TEACHING METHODOLOGICAL SUBJECTS IN PRESCHOOL EDUCATION https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3434 <p>If, when using pedagogical technologies in a preschool educational institution, the teacher manages to increase the reserve for the development of the child, then we can talk about their positive impact on the child. An educational institution should form a person's main need - the need for self-development, since human life is woven from a variety of technologies (activities that are functionally interconnected.Classification of pedagogical technologies in relation to preschool education.</p> Kadirova Dildora Nadjatbekovna Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3434 Sun, 20 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 COOPERATION OF THE PRESCHOOL EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTION WITH THE FAMILY IN PREPARING THE CHILD FOR SCHOOLING https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3435 <p>Despite the differences in approaches to learning, the parameters for which in currently assessing the readiness of the child for school.The prerequisites for successful schooling are the preparation of preschoolers for this. Readiness for learning is the formation of all mental processes, as well as the personality of a preschooler as a whole, at the level that is necessary for successful adaptation and learning in elementary school.</p> Ganiyeva Dildora Mukimovna Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3435 Sun, 20 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 MODERN EDUCATION IN THE CONDITIONS OF A CREDIT-MODULAR SYSTEM IN THE REPUBLICS OF UZBEKISTAN AND KAZAKHSTAN https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3436 <p>The article reveals the features of the modern innovation process in education in the Republics of Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan, the changes and developments taking place in the field of continuing education, the role of science in this process. The exchange of experience between universities of Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan is revealed. Among the most relevant is the transition of training to a credit-modular system.</p> Ustajalilova Khurshida Alievna, Khairullayeva Venera Hibadullayevna Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3436 Sun, 20 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 PRESCHOOL - EDUCATIONAL ORGANIZATION - A PLACE OF SOCIAL EDUCATION OF CHILDREN OF PRESCHOOL AGE https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3437 <p>The success of the learning process largely depends on the provisions that guide the teacher in his organization. These provisions or laws of education are called in pedagogy - didactic principles. The principles of teaching are the starting points that determine the nature of the activities of the teacher and children.</p> Nazirova Guzal Malikovna Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3437 Sun, 20 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 FACTORS AFFECTING THE PREPARATION OF THE CHILD FOR SCHOOLING https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3438 <p>Readiness for learning is the formation of all mental processes, as well as the personality of a preschooler as a whole, at the level that is necessary for successful adaptation and learning in elementary school. Despite the differences in approaches to learning, the parameters for which in currently assessing the readiness of the child for school.The prerequisites for successful schooling are the preparation of preschoolers for this.</p> Abdumalikova Nilufar Zakirovna Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3438 Sun, 20 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 PROBLEMS OF WORKING WITH PARENTS OF CHILDREN NOT INVOLVED IN PRESCHOOL EDUCATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3439 <p>Education is a very responsible matter. It is doubly responsible when it comes to educating preschoolers. After all, it is during this period that the foundation of a person’s personality is laid. To understand a small child, to teach him something, you need to know, understand and be able to do a lot. Traditionally, the first and main institution for raising a child is the family. The family is a special kind of collective that plays a long-term and special role in the education of the receptive.</p> Esonova Malohat Akilovna Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3439 Sun, 20 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 INCREASING THE COMPETITIVENESS OF UNIVERSITIES IN THE MARKET OF EDUCATIONAL SERVICES https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3440 <p>The article analyzes the ways in which higher education institutions differentiate their educational programs, taking into account their competitive advantages, and at the same time meet the established national educational standards.</p> Radjabova Gavkhar Umarovna Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3440 Mon, 21 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 THE G.O.S.T.S IN ASSEMBLY LINE DRAWING https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3442 <p>This article provides feedback on assembly drawing.</p> Nilufar Davronova Ma'murjon qizi Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3442 Tue, 22 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 DIGITAL TRANSFORMATION AND IMPROVEMENT OF MODERN HIGHER EDUCATION https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3443 <p>This article summarizes the data on the use of digital technologies in education, the difficulties and prospects of its digital transformation, which meets the challenges of the emerging digital economy. The changes in the field of digital technologies and the educational process that will become dominant in the development of education in the next decade are discussed.</p> Ustajalilova Khurshida Alievna Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3443 Tue, 22 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 THE TRANSISTOR AFTER CARDIAC ARRHYTHMIAS IS AN ISCHEMIC ATTACK OF YES-GENDER https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3444 <p>Neuropsychological and extended neuropsychological studies with individual analysis of the indicators of the results obtained were conducted in order to identify cognitive impairment in transient ischemic attack in patients with coronary heart disease.</p> Urinov Muso Boltaevich, Rakhmatova Sanobar Nizamovna, Ubaydullaev Shokhrukh Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3444 Wed, 23 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 THE INFLUENCE OF THE TAX SYSTEM ON THE FORMATION OF POPULATION INCOME https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3445 <p>In this article, the impact of the tax system on the formation of the population's income is widely covered. Also, the scientific researches of economists who studied the impact of the tax system on the formation of people's incomes are widely covered. In addition, the role of taxes in the further deepening of democratic reforms and the development of civil society is scientifically based. The problem of further reducing the number of low-income families and income inequality in the country, as well as improving the welfare of the population, as well as important factors in the development of the country's economy in connection with the growth of aggregate demand for macroeconomic policy, is investigated. The tax mechanism, which is considered to be one of the important levers for raising the economy of our country among the developed countries, social protection of the population, development of business entities, and further expansion of the production process, has been extensively analyzed.</p> Khojiyev Jakhongir Dushabayevich Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3445 Wed, 23 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 FROM THE HISTORY OF NATIONAL PORTRAIT ART OF UZBEKISTAN https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3446 <p>The article provides information about the initial formation factors of the national portrait art of Uzbekistan and the first portraits created in the national spirit. The works of the great painter K. Behzod, Mahmud Muzahib, Murad and Nadir Samarkandi are discussed.</p> Alijon Turdaliev Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3446 Fri, 25 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000