International Journal of Innovations in Engineering Research and Technology https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert <h2><strong>Welcome to IJIERT</strong> (Online, Scholarly, Open Access, International Journal)</h2> <p><strong><em>"International Journal of Innovations in Engineering Research and Technology (IJIERT)"</em> is an international journal. IJIERT is one of the fastest growing open access journals. It is an international online journal for the paper publication. The international journal provides the prospect to publish the original research papers with the author-friendly environment through its processes. This international journal is specially designed for paper publication in engineering, research, and technological advances.</strong></p> <p><strong>IJIERT international journal supports the open access journals society by providing the free access to the published scholarly articles without any login or passwords. We being online journal taking care of the online presence and indexing of the articles published in various databases.</strong></p> <p><strong>The paper submission in IJIERT is totally free of cost; however, after acceptance, we request the authors to pay the processing charges. We are working on high standards of scholarly journal publishing. Authors in search of international journals for paper publication will get fulfillment of publishing with our online international journal.</strong></p> <p><strong>The scholarly journal is available online since 2014. The open access journal is highly indexed in databases. IJIERT is peer-reviewed, open access online journal aiming to serve the technical society with its high-quality technical contents. We are one of the best international journals for paper publication.</strong></p> <p> </p> Novateur Publication, India en-US International Journal of Innovations in Engineering Research and Technology 2394-3696 DEVELOPMENT OF A LEARNING GUIDE FOR WRITING BRIEF PARAGRAPH OF INTERVIEW BASED RESULTS PROJECT USING THE GOOGLE KEEP APPLICATION IN CLASS III SDN 21 LIMBOTO https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3524 <p>The aims of this study were (1) How to develop project-based learning guides using the Google Keep application to improve writing skills (2) How is the product validity of project-based learning guides using the Google Keep application in improving writing skills, and (3) How effective are the guide products? project-based learning using the Google Keep application in improving writing skills in class III SDN 21 Limboto. The research method in this study is a development method using a 4-D model. The conclusions of the results of this study are (1) the development of project-based learning guides using the Google Keep application can improve writing skills in class III SDN 21 Limboto, (2) the product validity of project-based learning guides using the Google Keep application is very suitable to be used as a handbook students in improving writing skills in class III SDN 21 Limboto. The results of the material validation test amounted to 91.74%. In the design test, the average acquisition of expert judgment is 93.41%, and (3) project-based learning guide products using the Google Keep application in improving writing skills in class III SDN 21 Limboto are categorized as very suitable for use without revision.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Suparman Pilomonu, Maryam Rahim, Rusmin Husain Copyright (c) 2023 International Journal of Innovations in Engineering Research and Technology https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2023-01-06 2023-01-06 10 1 1 8 10.17605/OSF.IO/UYC2E THE INFLUENCE OF LEARNING MODELS ON MOTIVATION AND LEARNING OUTCOMES WRITING CHARACTER AND SHORT STORY BACKGROUND IN CLASS V STUDENTS AT SDN 9 BATUDAA GORONTALO DISTRICT https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3525 <p>The aims of this study were 1) to analyze the differences in learning outcomes for writing backgrounds and short story characters using the Self Organized Learning Environments (SOLE) learning model and using the TPS type cooperative model in class V at SDN 9 Batudaa, Gorontalo Regency 2) to analyze differences in learning outcomes for writing backgrounds and short story characters based on high motivation and low motivation of fifth grade students at SDN 9 Batudaa Gorontalo District, and 3) to analyze the effect of the interaction between learning methods and students' motivation on the ability to write short story characters and backgrounds in grade V at SDN 9 Batudaa District Gorontalo. The research method in this study is an experimental research method. The results of this study indicate that 1) there are differences in learning outcomes for writing backgrounds and short story characters using the Self Organized Learning Environments (SOLE) and TPS cooperative learning models in class V. The two way anava test results with a significant value of 0.027 or less than 0 .05 with an increase in the influence on the bear results of 0.129, 2) there are differences in the results of learning to write backgrounds and short story characters based on high motivation and low motivation of class V students. This is based on the two way anava test in the test table of between subject effect obtained value significant of 0.000 or less than 0.05 with an increase in the influence of motivation on learning outcomes of 0.743, 3) there is no interaction effect between learning methods and student motivation on the ability to write characters and short stories in class V at SDN 9 Batudaa, Gorontalo Regency. The results of the two way Anava test obtained a significance value of 0.100 or greater than 0.05.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Mohamad Natar Mohune,Wenny Hulukati,Pupung Puspa Ardini Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2023-01-06 2023-01-06 10 1 9 16 10.17605/OSF.IO/X3GMW DISTRIBUTION OF THE MAIN PESTS OF COTTON IN KOSHKUPIR DISTRICT, KHOREZM REGION, REPUBLIC OF UZBEKISTAN https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3527 <p>This article shows the data analyzed on the basis of GAT technology on common cotton pests and factors affecting their spread in the results of monitoring carried out in Qushkupir district in 2022. Pests such as spider mite, spider mite, cotton boll weevil were studied.</p> Qurbanov Marks Matqurbanovich Salayev Ulug`bek G`ayratovich Ulugbek Ruzmetov Rasul Sobirovich Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2023-01-07 2023-01-07 10 1 17 19 10.17605/OSF.IO/HSFBW DEVELOPMENT OF ADOBE FLASH APPLICATION-BASED LEARNING MEDIA IN CLASS IV PUBLIC ALEMENTARY CCHOOL 4 TALAGA JAYA https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3528 <p>This study aims to 1) determine the objective conditions for implementing learning using the Adobe Flash application for learning Indonesian in class IV SDN 4 Talaga Jaya. 2) to develop learning media using the Adobe Flash application for learning Indonesian, Chapter 3 material "Look Around" which will be developed in class IV SDN 4 Talaga Jaya. 3) find out the feasibility of learning media based on the assessment of IT experts, language experts and media experts and students. The method used in this research is Research and Development (R&amp;D) with the development stage of the ADDIE model (Analysis, Design, Development, Implementation, and Evaluation). Data collection techniques in this study used validation questionnaires from IT experts, language experts and media experts as well as students' responses. The developed media was tested by 16 students of class IV SDN 4 Talaga Jaya. This learning media uses the Adobe Flash application for learning Indonesian in Chapter 3 "Look Around" material by obtaining an average score from IT experts of 99% in the "very decent" category, then for validation language experts obtain an average score of 98.67 % in the "very appropriate" category, and for validation media experts obtained an average value of 96.25% in the "very feasible" category. The results of the assessment on trials conducted by students obtained an average score of 97.11% in the "very decent" category. So that the media in the form of the Adobe Flash application for learning Indonesian from Chapter 3 "Look Around" is suitable for use as learning media in class IV Elementary School. Based on the conclusions, it can be suggested that learning media using the Adobe Flash application for Indonesian language learning mater Chapter 3 "Look Around" can be used as an alternative learning media that can increase students' activeness and interest in learning.</p> Fitrianigsih Mokambu, Sayama Malabar, Pupung Puspa Ardini Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2023-01-08 2023-01-08 10 1 20 31 10.17605/OSF.IO/98UKB DEVELOPMENT OF SCIENCE TEACHING MATERIALS BASED ON COMPONENT DISPLAY THEORY (CDT) MODEL TO IMPROVE THE CREATIVE THINKING ABILITY OF ELEMENTARY SCHOOL GRADE V STUDENTS https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3529 <p>This study aims to produce teaching materials for science content based on the CDT model that are valid for improving the creative thinking skills of fifth grade elementary school students. Teaching materials were developed using the 4-D model developed by Thiagarajan, et al (1974) which includes define, design, develop, and disseminate stages. The research instrument used was a teaching material validation sheet. The data analysis used is percentage. The results of the study revealed that the CDT-based science teaching materials had fulfilled the validity aspect because they had gone through the validation stage from the validator with an assessment based on 3 aspects, namely the content/material quality aspect on the material suitability indicator with basic competence obtaining an average percentage of 91%, material accuracy obtaining a percentage 89%, stimulating curiosity 100%, creative thinking tools 90%, use of the term symbol or icon in the material 93%, material presentation techniques 90%, learning support and presentation 95 %. In the aspect of design quality, the indicator size of teaching materials obtains a percentage of 87%, the cover design of teaching materials obtains a percentage of 93%, and the design of the contents of teaching materials 90%. In the aspect of language quality, the use of the term symbol or icon gets a percentage of 100% and conformity with language rules gets a percentage of 93%. Teaching materials developed can improve creative thinking skills based on validation from validators who have obtained valid criteria.</p> Siti Noer Aini Moko, Masrid Pikoli, Jusna Ahmad Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2023-01-10 2023-01-10 10 1 32 38 10.17605/OSF.IO/Q5UTY TEACHER'S COMMITMENT IN SUSTAINABLE PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT (Multi Case Studies at Public junior high school 1 and MTS Alkhairat Bintauna, North Bolaang Mongondow Regency) https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3530 <p>The aims of this study were (1) to describe the commitment to professional development of teachers at Public junior high school 1 and MTS Alkhairat, Bintauna District, North Bolaang Mongondow Regency. (2) To describe the commitment to scientific publication of Public junior high school 1 and MTS Alkhairat teachers, Bintauna District, North Bolaang Mongondow Regency. (3) To describe the commitment to the innovative work of Public junior high school 1 and MTS Alkhairat teachers, Bintauna District, North Bolaang Mongondow Regency. Researchers used a descriptive approach with a multi-case study type of research (Case Study). Based on the results of the research, it was concluded that: (1) Commitment to the professional development of teachers at SMPN 1 and MTS Alkhairat, Bintauna District, Bolaang Mongondow Utara Regency, was carried out by participating in several seminars, training and other activities such as seeking several sources of material through the teacher's media platform, through YouTube, through webinars and so on. (2) The commitment to scientific publication of Public junior high school 1 and MTS Alkhairat teachers, Bintauna District, North Bolaang Mongondow Regency is carried out by seeking information through social media, but applications in the form of research reports are still relatively lacking. Of the total respondents, there was only one person who conducted research, namely in the form of PTK (Classroom Action Research). school infrastructure. The commitment to work on teacher innovation in the form of innovation reports in the form of documents has not been implemented properly</p> Nursila Samuel, Ansar, Arwildayanto Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2023-01-10 2023-01-10 10 1 39 49 10.17605/OSF.IO/WAFXN DEVELOPMENT OF ELABORATION MODEL-BASED SCIENCE TEACHING MATERIALS TO IMPROVE STUDENTS' CRITICAL THINKING ABILITY CLASS IV ELEMENTARY SCHOOL https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3531 <p>This study aims to produce science content teaching materials based on a valid elaboration model to improve the critical thinking skills of fourth grade elementary school students. Teaching materials were developed using the 4-D model developed by Thiagarajan, et al (1974) which includes define, design, develop, and disseminate stages. The research instrument used was a teaching material validation sheet. The data analysis used is percentage. The results of the study revealed that elaboration-based science teaching materials had fulfilled the validity aspect because they had gone through the validation stage from the validator with an assessment based on 3 aspects, namely the content/material quality aspect on the material suitability indicator with basic competence obtaining an average percentage of 84%, material accuracy obtaining a percentage 78%, stimulating curiosity 93%, critical thinking 91%, use of the term symbol or icon in the material 76%, material presentation techniques 80%, learning support and presentation 88 %. In the aspect of design quality, the indicator size of teaching materials obtains a percentage of 87%, the cover design of teaching materials obtains a percentage of 95%, and the design of the contents of teaching materials 91%. In the aspect of language quality, the indicator for the use of the term symbol or icon obtains a percentage of 100% and conformity with language rules obtains a percentage of 91%. Teaching materials developed can improve critical thinking skills based on validation from validators who have obtained valid criteria.</p> Meilan Juriati Daud, Masrid Pikoli, Jusna Ahmad Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2023-01-10 2023-01-10 10 1 50 59 10.17605/OSF.IO/YGZHW DEVELOPMENT OF SCIENCE STUDY CONTENT BASED ON THE GAL'PERIN MODEL TO IMPROVE STUDENT SCIENCE COMMUNICATION ABILITY CLASS V ELEMENTARY SCHOOL https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3532 <p>This study aims to produce science content teaching materials based on the gal'perin model that are valid to improve the science communication skills of fifth grade elementary school students. Teaching materials are developed using the 4D model which includes the stages of define, design, develop, and disseminate. The research instrument used was a teaching material validation sheet. The data analysis used is percentage. The results of the study revealed that the science teaching materials based on gal'perin had fulfilled the validity aspect because they had gone through the validation stage from the validator with an assessment based on 3 aspects, namely the content/material quality aspect on the material suitability indicator with basic competence obtaining an average percentage of 90, the accuracy of the material obtained percentage of 90%, stimulating curiosity earns a percentage of 93%, scientific means of communication obtains a percentage of 91%, use of the term symbol or icon in the material obtains a percentage of 96%, techniques for presenting material obtains a percentage of 96%, support and presentation of learning obtains a percentage of 88%. In the aspect of design quality, the indicator size of teaching materials obtained a percentage of 86%, the cover design of teaching materials obtained a percentage of 94%, and the design of the contents of teaching materials 85%. In the aspect of language quality, the use of the term symbol or icon gets a percentage of 100% and conformity with language rules gets a percentage of 86%. Teaching materials developed can improve science communication skills based on validation from validators who have obtained valid criteria.</p> Anisa Manongga, Abdul Haris Panai, Masrid Pikoli Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2023-01-10 2023-01-10 10 1 60 68 10.17605/OSF.IO/PJKMW DEVELOPMENT OF STEAM-BASED INTERACTIVE LEARNING MEDIA ON ENERGY SOURCES AND ITS UTILIZATION IN CLASS IV ELEMENARY SCHOOL, TILAMUTA DISTRICT https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3533 <p>This research was conducted to create and develop STEAM-based interactive learning media in class IV science content with the material Sources of Energy and Its Utilization. This interactive learning media is made by combining several multimedia objects such as text, images, animation, audio, video and interactive buttons, besides that it is also used to determine the feasibility and practicality of interactive media and the effectiveness of learning media in grade IV elementary schools. The method used in this research is Research and Development (R&amp;D) with the development stages of the Four-D model (Define, Design, Develop, Disseminate). Data collection techniques in this study used a questionnaire instrument to validate material experts and media experts, interactive media practicality assessment questionnaires by students, and tests. The developed media was tested in three elementary schools in Tilamuta District, namely SDN 05, SDN 10 and SDN 10. Interactive learning media was designed using Articulate Storyline 3 software. The validation results for each expert were material experts with an average score 88.13% and media experts 96.10%. From the validation results of the two experts, it shows that interactive media gets the category "very feasible". While the practical test results of this interactive learning media obtained an average score of 92.47% in the "very practical" category. The average student learning outcomes showed an increase after the pre-test, as seen from the classical completeness which reached 100% at SDN 05 and SDN 14 Tilamuta, while 94.12% at SDN 10 Tilamuta. The average achievement of learning outcomes in trials is 98.04%. Based on the results of validation tests, practical tests, and student learning outcomes, it can be concluded that STEAM-based interactive learning media is feasible, practical, and effective for use as learning media in class IV Elementary Schools.</p> Fatris E. Harun, Abdul Haris Panai, Irvin Novita Arifin Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2023-01-10 2023-01-10 10 1 69 79 10.17605/OSF.IO/86XV9 INFLUENCE APPLICATION OF THE CHILDREN LEARNING IN SCIENCE MODEL TO LEARNING OUTCOMES STUDENTS AT SDN 03 TILONGKABILA GORONTALO https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3534 <p>Study this aim describe is there is Influence Application of the Children Learning in Science Model to Learning Outcomes Students On Material Various Styles in Class Class IV SDN 03 Tilongkabila, Bone Bolango Regency . Type research used _ quantitative descriptive . Method research used _ method study experiment and design study nonequivalent group design. Research this use technique data collection through observation , test , interview and documentation . Sample study this is student class IVa and IVb as many as 39 people. Based on results study obtained score significant of 0.000 &lt; 0.05 can concluded the average yield study student for class experiment and for class control obtained score significant of 0.000 &lt; 0.05. Then Ho is rejected and H1 is accepted because score significant not enough from 0.05. This showing that there is the effect of the Children Learning in Science learning model on results study student in class IV SDN 03 Tilongkabila .</p> Kudus Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2023-01-12 2023-01-12 10 1 80 89 10.17605/OSF.IO/365GM METHOD USAGE GUIDE DEVELOPMENT BEGINNING READING IN EARLY CLASS SDN 1 LIMBOTO, GORONTALO DISTRICT https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3535 <p>This study aims to 1) Develop a Guide to Using the Beginning Reading Method in Early Grades for SDN 1 Limboto, Gorontalo District. 2) Determining the Validity (Validity) of the Guide to Using the Beginning Reading Method in Early Grades which was successfully developed so that it is "Appropriate" to use. 3) Determine the effectiveness (Effectiveness) of the Guide to Using the Beginning Reading Method in the Early Grades which was successfully developed in achieving learning objectives.</p> Tiansi Y. Ahmad, Maryam Rahim, Rusmin Husain Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2023-01-17 2023-01-17 10 1 90 97 10.17605/OSF.IO/57P9C DEVELOPMENT OF A CLINICAL E_SUPERVISION MODEL IN GORONTALO DISTRICT ELEMENTARY SCHOOL https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3536 <p>This study aims to 1) describe clinical supervision in improving the quality of learning in elementary school education units 2) describe the abilities of supervisors in carrying out clinical supervision 3) explain the development of an effective web-based clinical supervision model in improving the quality of learning.The method used in this research is Research and Development (R&amp;D) with 4D development stages (Define, Design, Development, Dissemination). The data collection technique uses a validation questionnaire from media design experts and material experts.</p> Vajri S. Moisdaen, Abd. Kadim Masaong, Arifin Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2023-01-16 2023-01-16 10 1 98 105 10.17605/OSF.IO/EUQK2 DEVELOPMENT OF INTERACTIVE LEARNING MEDIA BASED ON ADOBE FLASH FOOD CHAIN MATERIALS TO IMPROVE STUDENT LEARNING OUTCOMES CLASS V SDN 3 BULANGO UTARA https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3537 <p>This research aims to 1). to find out the development of adobe flash-based interactive learning media in class V SDN 3 Bulango Utara, 2) to find out the practicality of interactive learning media based on adobe flash in science subjects on food chain material which will be developed in class V SDN 3 Bulango Utara, 3) to find out the effectiveness of adobe flash-based learning media in science subjects on food chain material that will be developed in class V SDN 3 Bulango Utara. The method used in this research is Research and Development (R&amp;D) with the stages of developing the ADDIE model (Analysis, Design, Development, Implementation, and Evaluation), but research is only carried out up to the implementation stage. Data collection techniques in this study used a material expert validation questionnaire. Linguists, and validation of media experts and student responses. The developed media was tested by 14 fifth grade students at SDN 3 Bulango Utara. Adobe Flash-based interactive learning media in science subjects on food chain material in class V SDN 3 Bulango Utara obtained an average score from material experts of 90.59% which was categorized as "very feasible", then for validation linguists obtained an average value of 85.00 % who got the "very decent" category, and media expert validation got an average value of 90.00% which got the "very decent" category. The results of the assessment on the trials conducted by students obtained an average score of 92-32% in the "very feasible" category, so that interactive learning media using Adobe Flash in science subjects on food chain material is suitable for use as interactive learning media in class V elementary school. Based on the conclusions, it can be suggested that interactive learning media using Adobe Flash in science subjects on the food chain material can be used as an alternative learning media that can improve student learning outcomes.</p> Nurnaningki Syamsi, Abdul Haris Panai, Irvin Novita Arivin Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2023-01-17 2023-01-17 10 1 105 112 10.17605/OSF.IO/N6KVA PERFORMANCE AND SUSTAINABILITY STRATEGY OF CHILLI JAMU SUPPLY CHAIN MANAGEMENT IN SUMENEP REGENCY https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3538 <p>Madura is famous for its traditional herbal medicine and Madurese ingredients. One of the components of traditional raw materials that are widely cultivated by farmers in Sumenep Regency is camu chilies. The performance of chili herbs and the traditional herbal medicine industry has not been effective, so supply chain management engineering is needed to sustainably develop chili herbs. This study aims to analyze supply chain mechanisms, analyze supply chain performance, and design strategies to improve the performance and sustainability of the chili herbal supply chain in Sumenep Regency, Madura.</p> Rakhmawati, Putra Bagus Dwi Cahya Purnama Yudhi Prasetya Mada, Mokh. rum Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2023-01-18 2023-01-18 10 1 113 121 10.17605/OSF.IO/YEQCB ANALYSIS OF QUALITY CONTROL OF SOY CHIPS WITH THE SIX SIGMA METHOD IN RAGILE SMEs, KEDIRI REGENCY https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3539 <p>Tempe is a typical Indonesian food that is in great demand by Indonesian people, apart from its delicious taste, the price is also relatively cheap. Tempe can be processed into various kinds of processed tempe products, one of the processed tempe products is tempe chips. This research was carried out in April 2022, at Ragile UMKM, Kediri Regency. This study aims to reduce product defects by quality control and determine what factors affect the quality of soybean chip products. The data analysis method used to answer the objectives of this study is data analysis using the Six Sigma method, which is a philosophy in reducing and preventing defects so that costs are reduced and customers are satisfied with the expected product. Six Sigma is also defined as a well-designed approach to identify and eliminate defects, errors or failures in business processes or systems with a focus on the performance characteristics of these processes that are of interest to consumers. The results of this study are the types of product defects that occur in the production of Ragile MSME soybean chips including non-full round defects, double defects and thick defects. The highest defects occur in the size of defects that are not full circle with a defect percentage of 90.38%. This UMKM has a sigma value of 2.7 or it can be said that it is included in the category of the standard level of the Indonesian industry average. The solution to the factors that cause product defects caused by the fermentation place is to provide shelves so they are not exposed to direct sunlight, the hot room environmental factor is to provide a fan in the production room, and the factor of workers who are negligent in cleaning the chopping machine is by make SOP on the use of chopper machine.</p> Hadiyin Abrori Rahman, Rakmawati S.TP, M.T Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2023-01-18 2023-01-18 10 1 122 134 10.17605/OSF.IO/HS2Y3 STUDY OF CHARACTERISTICS OF THREE-PHASE ELECTROMAGNETIC CURRENT CONVERTERS FOR FILTER-COMPENSATION DEVICES OF ASYNCHRONOUS MOTOR REACTIVE POWER https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3540 <p>In the article, with the help of the developed physical and mathematical models of the asynchronous motor three-phase electromagnetic current converter, according to the connection methods with two sensing element loops suitable for each phase, it has, series, parallel and differential and one loop. Static characteristics of the dependence of output signals of electromagnetic current converters on asynchronous motor stator current and dynamic characteristics of time dependence of output signals of asynchronous motor three-phase electromagnetic current converter are studied.</p> D. D. Karimjonov Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2023-01-20 2023-01-20 10 1 135 144 10.17605/OSF.IO/6JNST METAPHORICAL CHANGES IN ENGLISH https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3542 <p>In the article the author analyzes the role of metaphor in the organization of communication in fiction. Metaphor is one of the most expressive tools of speech, reflecting not only lexical meaning, but also giving emotional coloring to a word or expression. Metaphor can often be seen in works of art, where the author, with its help, sets the right atmosphere, in writing and even in colloquial speech.</p> Irgasheva Nasiba Dadajanovna Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2023-01-31 2023-01-31 10 1 145 147 10.17605/OSF.IO/HND7B THE NEED TO USE DIGITAL TECHNOLOGIES IN EDUCATION https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3543 <p>In the article, the author pays attention to the use of digital technologies in teaching. Today, new technologies have changed the education system, and will continue to do so. The Internet cannot be a complete substitute for teachers. The most effective option is blended learning, which includes academic education and digital technologies.</p> Usmanova Sharifa Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2023-01-31 2023-01-31 10 1 148 150 10.17605/OSF.IO/W63HQ PEDAGOGICAL ESSENCE OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF TECHNOLOGICAL COMPETENCES OF STUDENTS https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3544 <p>In the article, the author reflects on the pedagogical significance of new educational technologies and modern electronic learning tools in the preparation of students of higher educational institutions who are capable of applying accumulated knowledge and advanced ideas, designing a production process based on modern technologies. The author offers suggestions to increase interest in the development of new educational technologies and modern electronic learning tools in the field of science.</p> Jurabekova Khabiba Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2023-01-31 2023-01-31 10 1 151 153 10.17605/OSF.IO/RVBWM APPEALS IN UZBEK, RUSSIAN AND ENGLISH https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3545 <p>This article is devoted to the consideration of the concept of "conversion" in the system of language and in the process of communication. The features of the functioning of the appeal as a unit of speech etiquette in Russian, Uzbek, and English are revealed, the similarities and differences in the use, lexical expression and functioning of appeals in three languages are considered.</p> Gulnora Khakimova Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2023-01-31 2023-01-31 10 1 154 156 10.17605/OSF.IO/BZSHQ PERSONALITY IN DIGITAL SPACE https://repo.ijiert.org/index.php/ijiert/article/view/3546 <p>In this article, the author analyzes the fact that the process of digitalization of human activity made us reconsider the issue of the essence of consciousness, human capabilities in the work of consciousness, the optimal ways of interaction of human consciousness with modern computer technology and generated virtual reality. The author argues that digital reality is a direct product of consciousness and can have a significant direct impact on the psyche of an individual and consciousness in general. Virtual consciousness is a reflection of virtual reality and the result of the very properties of human consciousness. That is, virtual consciousness is a part of consciousness, which is a reflection of virtual reality, a form of adaptation to it.</p> Jurabekova Khabiba Copyright (c) 2023 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2023-01-31 2023-01-31 10 1 157 160 10.17605/OSF.IO/PYRQE