International Journal of Innovations in Engineering Research and Technology <h2><strong>Welcome to IJIERT</strong> (Online, Scholarly, Open Access, International Journal)</h2> <p><strong><em>"International Journal of Innovations in Engineering Research and Technology (IJIERT)"</em> is an international journal. IJIERT is one of the fastest growing open access journals. It is an international online journal for the paper publication. The international journal provides the prospect to publish the original research papers with the author-friendly environment through its processes. This international journal is specially designed for paper publication in engineering, research, and technological advances.</strong></p> <p><strong>IJIERT international journal supports the open access journals society by providing the free access to the published scholarly articles without any login or passwords. We being online journal taking care of the online presence and indexing of the articles published in various databases.</strong></p> <p><strong>The paper submission in IJIERT is totally free of cost; however, after acceptance, we request the authors to pay the processing charges. We are working on high standards of scholarly journal publishing. Authors in search of international journals for paper publication will get fulfillment of publishing with our online international journal.</strong></p> <p><strong>The scholarly journal is available online since 2014. The open access journal is highly indexed in databases. IJIERT is peer-reviewed, open access online journal aiming to serve the technical society with its high-quality technical contents. We are one of the best international journals for paper publication.</strong></p> <p> </p> Novateur Publication, India en-US International Journal of Innovations in Engineering Research and Technology 2394-3696 MORALITY IN CHARLES PERRAULT FAIRY-TALES <p>Today, our children will not be surprised with fairy tales, of course, against the background of the adventures of Harry Potter and Lemony Snicket, filmed with a full set of special effects and causing an adrenaline rush, Perrault's soft and unhurried tales do not cause enthusiasm. Modern heroes are pragmatic and rational, and fairy-tale plots are so dynamic that it takes your breath away, but, drawn into the adrenaline maelstrom of modern fairy tales, our children, unfortunately, very early cease to be children. Remember, for sure the kind Cinderella or the clever Boy-with-Finger were your favorite heroes and you wanted to be just as beautiful and kind or just as brave and resourceful! Immersed in the world of the latest technologies and the problems generated by this world, we, what is the saddest thing, stopped believing in good fairies, our childhood is over. But, admit, sometimes you really want to return to it. So why don't we remember today a man, on whose kind and cheerful fairy tales more than one generation of people grew up in many countries of the world?</p> Daniyorova Barchinoy Absattarovna Copyright (c) 2021 2021-04-03 2021-04-03 8 04 1 3 IN VITRO FERTILIZATION – AS AN EFFECTIVE METHOD OF INFERTILITY TREATMENT <p>Reproduction for more than 7 years. About three thousand married couples passed IVF program and about 35% of them have found happiness of motherhood and fatherhood. The women with tubal-peritoneal and endocrine infertility factors and men with severe astenoteratozoospermia became parents, because the using of IVF and method intracytoplasmic sperm injection allows to fertilize eggs by single sperm. The bank of donor sperm is function in the Center of planning for the 9 years.</p> Gafurova Raxila Botirboy qizi Arzikulova Dilfuza Muzaffar qizi Xuramov Javoxir Xolmurodovich Uzakov Muzaffar Xolmirza ugli Rashidova Xurshida Abduvoxidovna Copyright (c) 2021 2021-04-03 2021-04-03 8 04 4 7 UZBEKISTAN'S EXPERIENCE OF STATE AND PUBLIC GOVERNANCE IN THE PERIOD OF MODERN RISES Solieva M Copyright (c) 2021 2021-04-03 2021-04-03 8 04 8 14 PATIENTS WITH BURN INJURI AND LIVER FUNCTION <p>The article discusses the results of studying the violation of the functional state of the liver in patients with extensive burn injuries. The liver function in these patients’ remains impaired even several months after the healing of burn wounds. We study hypoproteinemia and dysproteinemia resulting from burn injury, a decrease in the antitoxic function of the liver for a long time, manifestations of cytolytic and cholestatic syndromes, a decrease in the content of total lipids, cholesterol and beta-lipoproteins.</p> Kh. D Makhmudova H. H. Gaffarov N.A.Vafoyeva Copyright (c) 2021 2021-04-03 2021-04-03 8 04 17 15 SPEAKING EXERCISES IN FOREIGN LANGUAGE TEACHING METHODOLOGY <p>This article discusses practice in areas relevant to the teaching of speaking: the debates concerning native speaker and nonnative speaker models for spoken pedagogy, the issue of authenticity in spoken materials, approaches to understanding speaking in the classroom, the selection of texts&nbsp; and aspects of spoken language for the teaching of speaking and developments in materials and methods for the teaching of speaking. Finally, practical discussion on the teaching of specific spoken genres is reviewed and probable future directions are discussed.</p> Bazarbayeva A.Sh Mushtariy Abdurakhmanova Kushakova Shahzoda Copyright (c) 2021 2021-04-06 2021-04-06 8 04 18 21 PROBLEMS OF RATIONALIZATION OF NUTRITION OF PREGNANT WOMEN <p>In the article the importance of the nutrition of pregnant women for the growth and development of healthy child is illustrated.</p> Buranova Gulnoza Boymuratovna Baratova Shokhsanam Pulatova Kamola Copyright (c) 2021 2021-04-06 2021-04-06 8 04 22 26 STUDY ON THE DISTRIBUTION OF BEE TRACHEA ACARAPIS WOODI TICKS IN BEE YARD OF KASHKADARYA REGION <p>Beekeeping (apiculture) is one of the main branches of agriculture and plays an important role in increasing the productivity of bees by increasing the number of bees for honey production and pollination of agricultural crops. Along with the development of beekeeping in the world economy, various invasive and infectious diseases of bees are also widespread. The parasitic mites Acarapis woodi (called an acarapidosis by the name of the causative agent) parasitize in the first pair of bee’s chest tracheas. The life cycle of the tracheal tick Acarapis woodi completely passes on to an adult bee and causes a serious illness - called acaripidosis.&nbsp; Bees infested with Acarapis woodi canes die without being able to fly, and bee families are weakened and productivity is reduced. Compared to a family of healthy bees in one season, bee families infected with acaripidosis produce 50-70% less honey.The study of bioecology and the spread of Acarapis woodi ticks is one of the essential tasks of theoretical and practical importance.</p> BobonazarovG`apporYadgorovich Omonova Nafisa Rahimovna RabimovaZilolaSHuhratqizi Copyright (c) 2021 2021-04-06 2021-04-06 8 04 27 30 MATERIAL MOVEMENT MECHANISM FOR UNIFORM MOVEMENT OF DENSE MATERIAL IN A SEWING MACHINE <p>The article provides a mechanism for moving the material at a uniform movement of dense material in a sewing machine. The constructional scheme of the mechanism for moving the material is presented.</p> Ismoilova Nozigul Ikromjonovna Copyright (c) 2021 2021-04-08 2021-04-08 8 04 31 34 S-XRANENIE ALKALOIDOV - INFORMATION O DIPTOKARPAMINE Djoyaraeva Orzuxon Bahodir kyzy Copyright (c) 2021 2021-04-08 2021-04-08 8 04 35 36 THE USE OF EXCIMER LASER IN THE TREATMENT OF VITILIGO <p>The study of the pathogenetic mechanisms of depigmentation development and the search for adequate combined methods for the treatment of patients with vitiligo is one of the most relevant areas of modern dermatology; the study was conducted on the basis of the regional dermatovenerological dispensary. The study was conducted in the time period from 2019-2020. We conducted a randomized comparative study of seventeen male patients with extensive depigmented spots on the face, which were snow-white when examined by the Wood lamp, were clinically diagnosed with vitiligo, and they were examined in the regional dermatological dispensary of the city of Samarkand. These patients had chronic vitiligo, which remained stable for 3 to 10 years.</p> Narzikulov R. M. Copyright (c) 2021 2021-04-09 2021-04-09 8 04 37 40 METHODS FOR FORMING BASIC NATIONAL AND SOCIAL COMPETENCES IN STUDENTS <p>This article describe how students develop core national and multicultural competencies . The article also pays attention to the national and cultural competence of students, the pedagogical process, teaching materials, national values, ethical relations, social environment, cultural worldview and art.<br>Recommendations for the selection of educational materials, the pedagogical process aimed at the formation of national and intercultural profile competencies. Today, the teacher's activity in the field of spiritual and moral education is of a very responsible nature and requires, first of all, the formation of an objective attitude towards mass culture among students. In this sense, the teacher must work in collaboration with representatives of art and culture in order to master innovations in this area, in order to be able to deeply analyze the situation in all its aspects.This article describes how to build national and intercultural core competencies in students based on membership. The article also provides recommendations on the pedagogical process, the choice of educational materials aimed at developing students' national and intercultural profile competencies. Today, the teacher's activity in the field of spiritual and moral education is of a very responsible nature and requires, first of all, the formation of an objective attitude towards mass culture among students. In this sense, the teacher must work in collaboration with the minds of art and culture in order to master innovations in this area, to be able to deeply analyze the situation in all its aspects.</p> S.A. Ergasheva Copyright (c) 2021 2021-04-13 2021-04-13 8 04 41 44 SCIENTIFIC-RESEARCH IN THE AGRARIAN SPHERE: FINANCING, IMPROVEMENT AND INNOVATION <p>Expansion of the scope of research work in the agrarian sector of the country and improvement of its financing system. In the development of agricultural production, in solving the problems of the industry, it is important to establish a scientifically based system of sectoral production from the current state of the country. Agricultural crops growers are mainly farmer and the peasant farms, they should be developed on the scientific basis of their activities, as well as a new approach to the system of scientific supply at a new stage of economic reforms and its effective financing.In the article it is necessary to analyze in depth the activities of research in the agrarian sphere of the country, it is necessary to improve the financing system. Also, conclusion and practical recommendations were made based on the findings of the study.</p> Babadjanov Abdirashid Musayevich Copyright (c) 2021 2021-04-13 2021-04-13 8 04 45 52 FEATURES OF HEART DAMAGE IN PATIENTS WITH VIRAL CIRRHOSIS OF THE LIVER <p>The study analyzed the results of a survey of 96 patients (51% men, 49% women) with viral cirrhosis of the liver of class A, B, C according to Child-Pugh criteria, who were treated at the City Infectious Diseases Hospital in Chita. The median age of the patients was 42.1 [36;44] years, the duration of the disease was 3.5 [2.8;6.7] years. The diagnosis of CL was confirmed morphologically (laparoscopy with targeted biopsy) in 9 people, the rest of them were exposed on the basis of clinical, laboratory and instrumental data. The viral genesis of liver damage was confirmed by the presence of markers of viral hepatitis B in the blood serum [HBsAg, antibodies (AT) of classes M and G to HbcorAg, HBV DNA), C (AT of classes M and G to HCV, HCV RNA]. Depending on the presence of ascites, the patients were divided into 2 groups: 59 (61%) patients did not have ascites (group 1), 37 (38%) patients were diagnosed with ascites of varying severity (group 2), the control group consisted of 21 healthy volunteers of the corresponding age without signs of liver pathology. The study did not include: patients older than 52 years with essential and symptomatic arterial hypertension, heart and lung diseases, with chronic alcoholism and severe concomitant pathology. Thus, in patients with ICP without ascites, an increase in the mass of the left ventricular myocardium, the left atrium cavity, and the pulmonary artery was found, there is a violation of the heart rhythm and an elongation of the corrected QT interval. These changes were more pronounced in patients with ascites, in addition, they had increased pressure in the pulmonary artery and decreased systolic function of the heart's ventricles. Antiviral therapy has a positive effect on some cardiohemodynamic parameters.</p> Khusainova Munira Alisherovna Gaffarov Xudoyor Xudoyberdiyevich Copyright (c) 2021 2021-04-15 2021-04-15 8 04 53 57 CONTENT OF THE CORPORATE GOVERNANCE SYSTEM, FOREIGN EXPERIENCE AND EFFICIENCY OF ITS IMPLEMENTATION <p>The article reveals important factors of effective management in the development of higher education and methods of its application in the country's universities using the corporate governance system and foreign experience, rejection of the authoritarian and administrative-bureaucratic management model in the education system.</p> Abdurasulov Abdullajon Abdukarimovich Copyright (c) 2021 2021-04-15 2021-04-15 8 04 58 61 IMPACT OF SOIL TILLAGE USING RESOURCE-SAVING TEXTOLOGY ON SEED GERMINATION AND COTTON YIELD OF ANDIJAN-36 COTTON VARIETY <p>With the use of resource-saving agro-technology and processing with a new combination aggregate in autumn, cotton yield of 37.9-40.4 c/ha was obtained from the variants where the 50% annual rate of 200 kg/ha norm of nitrogen was applied in the form of liquid ammonia under the ridges and the remaining 50% of liquid ammonia was used during the growing period of cotton plant in the form of ammonium salt petre by stratification. In these variants cotton seeds were sown in single-row and double-row methods. They produced additional yield of 4.1-5.9 c/ha compared to the control variants and the highest economic efficacy was achieved. Net profit from these variants constituted 2079,1-2793.7 thousand sums, profitability rate was 52.3-68.4%, in comparison with control variants, the net profit was 1127,7-1569,3 thousand sums more while the profitability rate was 29,1%. - 38.8% higher.</p> Ilyosbek Usmonov Inomovich Odiljon Qodirov Salomjonovich Jalaliddin Holisbekov Sharofiddinova Xursanoy Copyright (c) 2021 2021-04-15 2021-04-15 8 04 62 66 PEDAGOGICAL TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PROCESS OF EDUCATION Omadjon Burxonovich Azamov Odiljon Rasulovich Yusupov Ravshanbek Rustamovich Mamatov Nasibaxon Kozimbekovna Mamatova Copyright (c) 2021 2021-04-15 2021-04-15 8 04 67 69 DISTRIBUTION OF POWDERY MILDEW DISEASES IN CUCURBITACEOUS CROPS AND MEASURES TO FIGHT AGAINST THEM <p>This article contains information on powdery mildew disease of cucurbitaceous crops in the conditions of Andijan region.&nbsp; In this case, it was studied the powdery mildew diseases in melons, squash and watermelons from the main cucurbitaceous crops, the propagation laws. The data obtained are of theoretical and practical importance in the protection of cucurbitaceous crops from powdery mildew diseases.</p> Rasulova Marxabo Burxonovna Bostonova Surayyo Soliyevna Fayzullayeva Odina Ibroximjon qizi Copyright (c) 2021 2021-04-15 2021-04-15 8 04 70 72 THE PATHOGENIC PATHOGEN IN TOMATOES IS FUSARIUM OXYSPORUM F. SP. EFFECT OF VARIOUS FUNGICIDES AGAINST LYCOPERSICI FUNGI <p>In this article, the pathogen Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. against lycopersici fungus Ridomil Gold Mts 68% WDG. (mancotseb + metalaxyl), Previkur SL, 722 WDK. (propamocarb hydrochloride), Quadris 25% EC (azoxistrobin), Gurzat WP. When fungicides such as (tsimoxanil + copper chloroxide) and Fundazol 50% WP. (benomyl) are tested under laboratory conditions in large and small doses, F. oxysporum f.sp. mancotseb + metalaxyl, 0.3% benomyl and 0.3% tsimoxanil + copper chloroxide fungicides in 0.4% suspension against lycopersici pathogen showed high results.</p> Omonova Nargiza Maxmudjonovna Ergasheva Xusnida Ibroximovna Copyright (c) 2021 2021-04-15 2021-04-15 8 04 73 77 THE ROLE OF EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGIES IN THE MODERNIZATION OF EDUCATION <p>Proper design of the educational process helps to make education more effective. This article discusses the concept of pedagogical technology as an important component of the methodological competence of the teacher, its importance in the organization of education.</p> Shahlokhon Ibragimova Zilolakhon Ismailova Copyright (c) 2021 2021-04-15 2021-04-15 8 04 78 80 E-LEARNING ENVIRONMENT TO PREPARE FUTURE TEACHERS OF COMPUTER SCIENCE IN PEDAGOGICAL ISSUES <p>The article provides information on the pedagogical problems of training future informatics teachers in the e-learning environment and the theoretical foundations for their solution.</p> Najmiddinov Fahriddin Obidovich Abdullaev Nozimjon Qodiraliyevich Mamadaliev Tohirjon Valijon o’g’li Copyright (c) 2021 2021-04-15 2021-04-15 8 04 81 83 THE EFFECT OF STROKE AND ROOT RESIDUES ON SOIL FERTILITY AND THE QUALITY INDICATORS OF SOWING SEEDS <p>The autumn wheat in short rotational (1:1) systems, the growth of repeated cultures (MASH), the development and scientific substantiation of the number of stroke and root residues in the soil, the influence of Andizhan-36 varieties and the Navruz on the quality of seed indicators are studied.</p> Rakhmatullayev Gayratbek Davronbekovich Copyright (c) 2021 2021-04-15 2021-04-15 8 04 84 88 TRICHOGRAMMA APPLYING METHOD AGAINST CODLING MOTH <p>In recent years, the horticultural area expansion, especially due to the intensive gardens establishment, changes in the agricultural placement structure in the country requires a scientific approach to hanges in the species composition of organisms formed on the basis of the food chain over the years, the introduction of new entomophagous species, protection of fruit crops from pests in horticulture, increasing the control measures importance against them.</p> M.K.Rakhmonova K.K.Khamdamov B.Khamdamova A.Tursunov Copyright (c) 2021 2021-04-15 2021-04-15 8 04 89 90 PSYCHOLOGICAL PECULIARITY AND FORMATION OF INTEREST AMONG STUDENTS WHEN CHOOSING A PROFESSION <p>In this article, interest is a special process, and not a psychological function, because emotion, the power of will, consciousness, also can be understood in it, all mental situations, events and the embodiment of internal experience in themselves, as well as complex systemic means of spiritual reality.</p> Ravshanbek Rustamovich Mamatov Gulbahor Odilovna Nabiyeva Copyright (c) 2021 2021-04-15 2021-04-15 8 04 91 93 PESTS AND HARM ON THE FAMILY OF CRUCIFEROUS (TURNIP AND RADISH) <p>In agriculture, the cluster method of production has been established, the volume of agricultural land allocated to clusters constitutes 7,5 foizni in fruit and vegetable production. Today, more than 80 types of agricultural products grown in our republic are sold in 66 countries of the world. Turnip and radish - from the sentence.</p> Maripova Rukiyahon daughter Zokirjon Anorbaev Azimkhon Ramkulovich Copyright (c) 2021 2021-04-15 2021-04-15 8 04 94 96 PESTS OF PLANTS OF THE FAMILY OF CRUCIFEROUS <p>Soil conditions of our country are a very favorable region for growing crops. The effective and appropriate use of existing irrigated areas makes it possible to obtain a harvest with each area several times a year, increase the production of products in the country.</p> Maripova Rukiyahon daughter Zokirjon Copyright (c) 2021 2021-04-15 2021-04-15 8 04 97 98 GERMAN EDUCATION SYSTEM AND ITS PEDAGOGICAL SIGNIFICANCE IN THE WORLD EDUCATION SYSTEM <p>This article provides an overview of German education system and its unique features in the world educational system. German education differs from other countries in the pedagogy with its own features.</p> Nasibakhon Kozimbekovna Mamatova Nigorakhon Khudaberdievna Israilova Ravshanbek Rustamovich Mamatov Dilshodbek Kobulovich Sodikov Copyright (c) 2021 2021-04-15 2021-04-15 8 04 99 102 COMBINED DEVICE LABORATORY TEST RESULTS <p>At present, in order to ensure food security in the Republic, one of the most important and complex agro-technical measures is the timely and even harvesting of seedlings in the areas vacated by grain.According to the results of the analysis, there are technologies and technical means developed by foreign scientists, but they are not suitable for the climatic conditions of the Republic.Addressing this pressing issue requires the development of energy, resource and water-saving technologies and technical means for the cultivation of secondary crops in areas devoid of winter grain.Based on the above, scientists of the Samarkand Institute of Veterinary Medicine (Sam IVM) and designers of JSC "BMKB-Agromash" have developed a model of a combined device for road tillage and sowing of intermediate crops in one pass.</p> I.Ergashev A. Ismatov B. Abdullaev Copyright (c) 2021 2021-04-15 2021-04-15 8 04 103 108 UZBEK CREATIVE INTELLIGENCE - HISTORY AND TODAY <p>In this article, the second half of the twentieth century and the place of Uzbek creative intellectuals and their activities in the cultural processes, as well as the activities of national intellectuals in the history of their activities and the fate of their intellectuals, the fate of the intellectuals, the history of Uzbekistan It's about the fact that one of the most pressing functions faced in front of.</p> Bakiev Bahrom Uktamovich Copyright (c) 2021 2021-04-15 2021-04-15 8 04 109 112 LEGAL ISSUES OF GUARANTEEING THE RIGHTS OF THE CHILD <p>The article examines the issue of children's rights in the legislation of the Republic of Uzbekistan, the improvement of children's rights in the period of judicial reform, the criminal aspects of its protection.</p> Muqimova Muslima Ziyodullaevna Sadikova Yorkinoy Salijonovna Copyright (c) 2021 2021-04-15 2021-04-15 8 04 113 115 OPTIMIZATION OF REHABILITATION MEASURES IN THE POSTOPERATIVE PERIOD IN PATIENTS ON THE BACKGROUND OF COVID-19 <p>A complex of rehabilitation measures, including early restoration of the tone of the trunk muscles and respiratory excursion of the chest wall, restoration of airway patency and measures for the prevention of pulmonary atelectasis, contributes to the rapid restoration of the function of the respiratory system, the prevention of the occurrence of postoperative pneumonia. Along with this, the use of a complex of medical and non-drug measures aimed at reducing the intraluminal pressure in the hollow organs of the digestive system creates the prerequisites for the restoration of intestinal motility and prevents the occurrence of paretic postoperative intestinal obstruction.</p> Polyanskiy I. Yu Mizamov F.O Polyanskaya O.S Mavlyanova Z.F. Copyright (c) 2021 2021-04-15 2021-04-15 8 04 116 119 CLASSROOM OBSERVATION IN TEACHING PRACTICE <p>Modern pedagogy provides for close interaction between the teacher and students in all levels of education, which is achieved through the widespread introduction of interactive technologies in the learning process. Observation plays a central role in practice teaching, both observation of your teaching by your cooperating teacher and supervisor, as well as your own observations of your cooperating teacher class</p> Sadullayeva Nilufar Kadamovna Copyright (c) 2021 2021-04-15 2021-04-15 8 04 120 120 AUTONOMIC TEACHING TECHNIQUES AND STRATEGIES <p>The article devotes to some strategies and techniques of autonomous learning in the classroom. Being motivated and making students to learn is enough problematic process. Amount of teachers are realize how vital to lead learners to be self-motivated.</p> Akabirova Mehriniso Baxtiyorovna Kurbonova Gulmira Usmonovna Copyright (c) 2021 2021-04-15 2021-04-15 8 04 121 122 IMPORTANT FACTORS IN PROTECTING SOIL LAYERS IN CROP FIELDS FROM DEFLATION PROCESSES <p>Wind erosion, ie deflationary processes, cause great damage to agriculture, the economy and the environment. Therefore, the problem of protecting soils from wind erosion and dust storms is one of the key issues.</p> Jora Suyunovich Rakhimov Copyright (c) 2021 2021-04-15 2021-04-15 8 04 123 126 PARLIAMENTARY IMPROVEMENT OF THE REFORM SYSTEM OF UZBEKISTAN AT A NEW STAGE <p>The article examines such issues as the transformation of parliament into a real school of democracy, mechanisms for implementing the tasks set in the State Program of Parliamentary Activity, effective use of the institution of parliamentary control, increasing the efficiency of parliamentary activity in the field of law execution.</p> Sherzodbek Khurramovich Zulfikorov Copyright (c) 2021 2021-04-15 2021-04-15 8 04 127 130 CONDUCTING RESEARCH ON PRODUCTION OF LIQUEFIED HYDROCARBONS FROM PETROLEUM GASES <p>The composition of associated gas differs greatly from each other when studied in the context of fields and depends on the type of fields and development conditions, i-liquefied gases are obtained not only from satellite gases, but also from gas condensate fields.</p> Yuldashev Toshmurza Rakhmanovich Allaqulov Panji Egamberdiyevich Kholbozorov Ilkhom Raimovich Copyright (c) 2021 2021-04-15 2021-04-15 8 04 131 133 FOUNDATION OF THE THIRD RENAISSANCE <p>The paper will discuss the basics of pedagogical thought of the Renaissance, the characteristics of this phenomenon, the main representatives and the contribution to the development of pedagogical thought. Influence of the concept of humanism of the Renaissance on modern pedagogy.</p> Madumarov Talantbek Tolibjonovich Alisherova Zarnigor Bakhromjon kizi Copyright (c) 2021 2021-04-15 2021-04-15 8 04 134 137 THEORETICAL AND LEGAL ASPECTS OF BUILDING A DEMOCRATIC LEGAL STATE AND CIVIL SOCIETY IN UZBEKISTAN <p>In this article analyzed definition of a legal state and civil society is. The theoretical and legal aspects of the formation of civil society in the Republic of Uzbekistan are considered. The authors conclude that it is necessary to form a civil society and a legal state considering the experience of the world community.</p> G’ulomjonov Odiljon Raximjon o’g’li Copyright (c) 2021 2021-04-15 2021-04-15 8 04 138 140 DISPOSAL OF FLARE ASSOCIATED GASES IN OIL AND GAS FIELDS <p>Expensive chemical raw materials, which make up the bulk of gas, are used as fuel for industrial needs and in heating systems.Global warming, acid residues, climate change and the growing greenhouse effect are due to satellite oil gases.</p> Yuldashev Toshmurza Rakhmanovich Allaqulov Panji Egamberdiyevich Kholbozorov Ilkhom Raimovich Copyright (c) 2021 2021-04-15 2021-04-15 8 04 141 143 USE OF INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGIES IN THE EDUCATIONAL PROCESS <p>There is an opportunity to define the concept of innovative activity through the analysis of innovations in the education system, their implementation, management of innovation processes. The renewal of society, the development and prospects of our life, the fate of the results of ongoing reforms, the radical change of the content of education, raising it to the level of modern requirements are among the most important issues of our lives today.</p> Nishanova Gulnoza Hayrullaevna Copyright (c) 2021 2021-04-15 2021-04-15 8 04 144 146 THE ROLE OF BILINGUALISM IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF SOCIAL SCIENCES UZBEKISTAN STATE UNIVERSITY OF WORLD LANGUAGES ENGLISH LANGUAGE G'ulom Ataev Copyright (c) 2021 2021-04-15 2021-04-15 8 04 147 149 LEXICO-GRAMMATIC CHARACTERISTICS OF ADJECTIVE PHRASEOLOGISTS <p>This article is devoted to the study of the external grammatical structure of the correct phraseological units based on their lexico-grammatical features. The authors proposed to study lexemes based on their quantitative composition. The authors also highlighted what to consider when dividing phraseological units into a particular phraseological or grammatical group.</p> Sheralieva Mukhlisa Sharifjon qizi Copyright (c) 2021 2021-04-19 2021-04-19 8 04 150 153 LUBRICATION MODELS IN RAILWAY CURVES <p>One of the most important problems of the Railway Operations is the wear problems that occur in the rails under load and momentum. Many businesses in the world have developed different solution methods on this issue and the same methods are still applied. Noise is also the bleeding wound of many railway operators, regardless of or dependent on wear and fatigue problems. Noise, especially in the curves, adversely affects human and environmental health. In this report, we will examine the factors caused by these 2 problems and examine the solution methods with their costs.</p> Ali Samet Ayvaz Mohammad Alalou Copyright (c) 2021 2021-04-19 2021-04-19 8 04 154 160